Pubblicato da: Massimiliano Neri | 15 agosto 2008

Georgia: BP chiude l’oleodotto Baku-Supsa e riapre il BTE

L’oleodotto Baku-Supsa e’ stato chiuso il 13 agosto

Dal Financial Times:

The Baku-Supsa pipeline normally serves as a back-up to the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline to the Turkish Mediterranean, the main artery for exports from BP’s huge Azeri oilfield. Oil shipments through BTC were halted last week af-ter an explosion on the Turkish section of the pipeline for which Kurdish separatists claimed responsibility.

Laurent Ruseckas, a Eurasian expert at Trusted Sources, an emerging markets research firm, said BP’s decision to close the pipelines “had emphasized the extent to which Russia’s reaction in Georgia had called into question the reliability of the energy corridor across the Caucasus”.

Il gasdotto South Caucasus Pipeline (conosciuto anche come la Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum Pipeline, o BTE)  e’ stato riaperto il 14 agosto. Ricordiamo che questo corre a sud di Tbilisi e percorre lo stesso corridoio dell’oleodotto Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan, o BTC (il secondo piu’ lungo del mondo, 1774 km).

Ancora dal Financial Times:

“BP began filling the South Caucasus pipeline again today because we believe it is now safe enough to do so,” said Toby Odone, a BP spokesman. Supply disruptions to Georgia and Turkey had been minimal because of gas stored in the line, he said.

However, the BP-operated 150,000 barrels a day oil pipeline from Baku to Supsa is still closed because of doubts about safety at Georgia’s Black Sea ports.

Oil exports from Azerbaijan were drastically reduced last week after an explosion on the Turkish section of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline to the Turkish Mediterranean, the main artery for Azerbaijan’s oil exports. Kurdish separatists claimed responsibility for the accident on the pipeline which was carrying about 850,000 barrels a day of oil to western markets at the time. Repair work on BTC is expected to take several weeks.

Russia invited Azerbaijan on Wednesday to increase its oil exports through a pipeline from Baku to Novorrosiysk on the Russian Black Sea. Exports of Azerbaijani oil through the pipeline to Russia have slowed to a trickle since the Baku-Tbilisi-Cehyan pipeline began working in 2005.

Pipelines across the Caucasus have provided Caspian oil and gas producers with a first, non-Russian pipeline route to export markets. Russia is also pressing Azerbaijan to export gas through Russian pipelines, diverting supplies away from the route across the Caucasus.

L’oleodotto Baku-Novorossiysk e’ operato nella sezione russa dalla compagnia pubblica russa Transneft.

Ecco la notizia su Bloomberg:

Natural gas exports were halted from Azerbaijan’s Shah Deniz field through the South Caucasus pipeline because of security concerns in Georgia on Aug. 12. The gas pipeline runs parallel to the BTC oil link.

“We are now exporting through” the gas pipeline, BP spokesman Robert Wine said by phone today from London. “The pumping into the pipeline was suspended for about two days.”

Ecco infine cosa dicono gli analisti finanziari dell’impatto del conflitto sull’offerta di gas e petrolio (Bretibart.com):

Barclays Capital analysts said that attacks on the BTC pipeline had a greater impact on global energy supplies than unrest in Georgia.

“While the conflict in Georgia may have been the main source of attention, for us the most significant supply event was the attack on the BTC line in Turkey and the implication that it may continue to be a target, and one the length of which makes it virtually impossible to defend comfortably,” they wrote in a note to clients on Wednesday.

The Paris-based International Energy Agency warned earlier this week that fighting in Georgia threatened the strategic energy hub.

Recent escalation in military engagement between Russia and Georgia poses a threat to certain key oil and gas pipelines which transit Georgia,” the IEA said in a monthly report that was published on Tuesday.


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